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中山大学2008届一文学硕士写就《明代崇仁学派的理学及理学诗研究》  

2010-03-26 17:39:49|  分类: 崇仁学派 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中文摘要    

明代崇仁学派理学家人数众多,诗歌作品亦多,但学术界对其欠缺必要的研究。本文通过对明代崇仁学派的理学诗的梳理,对其诗论作较全面的总结,以加深对明代理学诗歌理论批评及其创作实践的认识。本文共分四章,内容大致如下:先从明初学术思潮层面揭示崇仁学派的产生背景,并介绍了吴与弼等人的交游情况。接下来对他们的理学诗的进行了探讨。崇仁学派的理学诗的题材主要是“崇道论学”和“山水题咏”,而表现“义理”,是理学诗的“最大特色”。出于对道的侧重,对情感的节制,对朴素诗风的追求,其理学诗以“雅正”为旨归,呈现出温柔敦厚的风格。相对于崇道论学诗来说,山水题咏诗是较有艺术特色的,往往具有优美的景色和生动的形象,但诗的真谛却是在于借此以阐述义理,自然景象及义理的浑合,显示出艺术的蕴蓄感,学问的厚重感。相对于宋代朱熹来说,在诗学方面,吴与弼等人并无系统、新颖思想。胡居仁及夏尚朴也只是零散地表达了对创作主体道德修养的重视,对诗歌美刺教化作用的强烈关注。

外文摘要     Since Chong-Ren School is prosperous in Ming Dynasty, Neo-Confucianism experts and their poetry are many, but the academic circles didn’t pay attention to the research of the poems written by the rationalistic Confucians. It’s significant to analyze Chong-Ren Rchool’s Poetry in Ming Dynasty, which can strengthen to understand this poetry, and it’s an essential part to comprehend entire Ming Poem. This article is composed by five chapters, which epitome is as follows: The First chapter describes the School's approximate appearance of Ming Dynasty and their poetry, and made the description to the survey on Chong-Ren Rchool; The following chapters has analyzed the poetry’s subjects of Chong-Ren Rchool’s. The subjects can be mainly divided into two sorts. Their brief content is such: Relating Neo-Confucianism Poem is purely “teaching materials”; describing the landscapes and travels. The two sorts have important status in Poetry of Chong-Ren School. In term of their poetics: They have interest in poetry’s teaching function and talk a lot about it, but had little interest in poetic composition and criticism, hence few remarks were made on the subject. They primarily advocated illustrating saint Neo-Confucian ideas in by means of poems.

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